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主謂一致及倒裝

時間:2012-12-29 18:20 來源:建通教育中考資訊網 編輯:井林英 點擊:
中考英語 之 主謂一致和倒裝句
1.       and和both---and---連接兩個主語時,謂語用復數。
例:Both Lucy and Lily are students.  Lily和Lucy兩個都是學生。
2.       不定代詞either/ each/ every 和復合不定代詞作主語時,謂語用單數。neither和none作主語時,謂語用單數復數都可以。
例:Each boy has a new book. 每個孩子都有一本新書。
There is something wrong with your bike. 你的自行車有毛病。
3.       主語后接有with, along with, together with, except, but連接另一個主語時,謂語動詞與最前面的主語保持一致。
例:Mr Green with his wife is coming to Beijing. 格 林先生和他的妻子一起將來北京。
No one but I knows the thing. 除了我,沒有人知道那件事。
All except Harry have passed the driving test. 除了Harry,所有人都通過了駕駛考試。
4.       either---or---  或者---,或者---,     neither---nor--- 兩者都不,
not only--- but also---不但---,而且---,   not---but---, 不是---,而是---,    or 或者,
以上這些詞連接兩個主語時,謂語動詞與最近的主語保持一致。
例:Neither her sister nor Mary is going to the park tomorrow. (is和最近的主語Mary保持一致)
Not only my parents but also I am interested in sports. (am和最近的主語I 保持一致)
5.       集體名詞family, team, class, group作主語時,如果表示整體,謂語動詞用單數;如果表示個體成員,謂語動詞用復數。
例:My family is a small one with 3 people. 我家是一個三口之家的小家庭。
My family are watching TV now. 我全家人現在正在看電視。
6.       時間,金錢,非謂語動詞作主語,謂語動詞用單數。
例:Three years is a long time. (時間)
Fifteen yuan is given to Mr Green. (金錢)
Reading in the sun is bad for your eyes. (動詞ing)
To see is to believe. (不定式)
7.       A pair of shoes is on the table. 一雙鞋子在桌上。(謂語動詞用單數)
Two pairs of shoes are on the table. 兩雙鞋子在桌上。(謂語動詞用復數)
8.       The teacher and writer is coming to our school. 那位老師兼作家將來我們學校。(同一個人)
The teacher and the writer are coming to our school. 那位老師和那位作家將來我們學校。(兩個人)

9.       以so, neither開頭的倒裝句
  例:Jim watched TV last night. So did I.   吉姆看了電視。我也看了  (提到吉姆和我2人)
   ------ Jim watched TV last night.
------ So he did.  吉姆看了電視。------他(吉姆)是看了  (只提到吉姆1人)
   Jim didn’t watch TV last night. Neither (=Nor) did I.   吉姆沒看電視。我也沒看。
10.   表示“某地方有┅” 用There be------  句型。
  There is a book on the desk.
  There are some books on the table.
There is some water in the cup.
  There is a pen, a book and some pencils on the desk.
  There are two glasses of water on the desk.
  There is going to be a film tomorrow. =There will be a film tomorrow.
  There was a film yesterday.   
  There used to be a school there.
11.   There be 的四個基本句型
肯定句:There is some milk in the glass.   否定句:There is not any milk in the glass.
一般疑問句:Is there any milk in the glass?   Yes, there is.  No, there isn’t.
特殊疑問句:What is there in the glass?
12.   表示“某個人有---”,用have, has
例:They have some books.   (主語不是第三人稱單數,用have)
She has a book. (主語是第三人稱單數,用has)
13.   基本句型的構成:
否定句:   They don’t have any books.      She doesn’t have a book.
一般疑問句: Do they have any books?      Does she have a book?
     Yes, they do.  No, they don’t.     Yes, she does.  No, she doesn’t.
特殊疑問句:What do they have?        What does she have?

主謂一致練習:
1.         There ________ a lot of rain in this area in August every year.    A. is B. are C. was D. were
數據統計中!!
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