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中考英語任務型閱讀理解20篇

時間:2012-12-28 18:23 來源: 編輯:井琳英 點擊:
中考英語任務型閱讀理解20篇

【內容解讀】---(1)任務型閱讀側重語篇分析,剖析文章的“脈絡”,即文章的結構或者框架。
---(2)閱讀材料后題目設置多樣化,考查學生多種能力。包括考查學生的思維能力、分析能力、詞匯能力以及其他的語言深層挖掘能力等。
---(3)閱讀題目設置有梯度,答題要求簡練和規范。題目設置旨在圍繞不同的閱讀技能和語言應用而展開,涉及詞性轉換、詞語釋義、同意替換、語法結構、歸納演繹、結構分析、細節理解等。
【能力解讀】---(1)不但要求掌握所讀材料的主旨大意、中心思想,而且要求掌握文章中的詳細事實與細節。   
---(2)不但要求對于具體事實情節的理解,而且要求對其抽象含義的理解,既要理解字面意思,又要理解其深層含義,包括作者的態度、觀點、意圖等。   
---(3)既要求理解文章中某句、某段的含義及全文的邏輯關系,又要求根據其含義及邏輯關系進行判斷和推理。   
---(4)既要求考生能夠運用材料中的信息去理解、分析問題;又要求考生能運用中學生應有的生活常識去分析、理解問題。
【命題規律和趨勢】---任務型閱讀是一種新的考查閱讀理解能力的方式。主要是提供一篇文章,一幅或一組圖表,要求學生根據文章或圖表提供的信息,按照指令去完成一系列任務。這類題型主要考查學生對文學或圖表等材料的理解能力,獲取知識的能力和創新能力。任務型閱讀是閱讀理解中難度較大的一類,它最能考查學生的英語綜合運用能力。
新課程背景下英語中考命題以全面地考查學生的綜合語言運用能力為宗旨,特別是要考查學生在具體情境中運用英語知識與技能的能力。任務型閱讀正是新課程改革精神在中考中的體現。
【破解有道】---步驟(1)迅速瀏覽,明確任務。
---步驟(2)一一對應,緊扣原文。
---步驟(3)注意讀寫結合。
---步驟(4)認真檢查。
Passage 1(2011,陜西,Ⅸ)
閱讀下面短文,根據短文內容,完成下列各題。
Bollywood: the Hollywood of India
You might be surprised to learn that India produces about 800 movies a year, and that number continues to grow. Just as the movie Capital of the United States is Hollywood, the movie capital of India is Bombay (孟買), but it is usually called "Bollywood", a combination(結合) of the words Bombay and Hollywood.
No Bollywood movie is thought complete without a few songs and dances. In fact, music is an important part of Bollywood movies. Even a bad movie can still do well if the music is good. Music directors are sometimes more popular than the film stars. A Bollywood movie has five to six songs with at least three songs to show what the dances mean.
Bollywood may be different from Hollywood in music, but it is very like Hollywood in several ways. If Tom Cruise can hold a gun, so can the Bollywood hero Sharukh Khan. Hollywood stars are followed by news reporters just as often as Hollywood stars. The persona! lives of actors and actresses catch the headlines(頭版頭條), just as they do in the United States.
The Oscars are a very exciting time of the year for actors and actresses in America, Bollywood has its own form of the Oscars, and they are also very exciting.
71. The name Bollywood comes from the words _______________________.
72. Bollywood is a place where many ___________   are made each year,
73. In India, the film stars are sometimes______popular than music directors.
74. Every complete Bollywood movie has a few _______________________in them.
75. The Oscars in India are as_____as those in America though they are different.
Passage 2 (2011, 河北省, IX)
閱讀短文,并按要求回答76-80題。
Several Asian hospitals are doing experiments with tele-medicine. Tele-medicine is a technology that allows doctors to "see" patients without them being in the same place. This is made possible through high-speed communication networks (網絡).At both ends of the line, the
way of video-meeting lets them see and talk to each other. Blood pressure (血壓) and body temperature are directly shown on computers.
Tele-medicine is already in wide use in some places such as the United States and Germany. Among other uses, village doctors hold "consultations (會診)" with far-away experts(專家). The experts can also help them during operations.
Tele-medicine has been slow to reach Asia because of high costs, besides other reasons. When things improve, this technology will develop very fast. Chinese University of Hong Kong's medical school has joined a big hospital in Beijing, and Thailand is building a tele-medicine station connecting 20 areas.
Tele-medicine will do good to patients because doctors from different places can see them and give their medical advice. The help is quite important if the disease is an unusual one. It also helps spread medical knowledge among experts.
As tele-medicine develops well, its costs will be lower and it will become very popular in the medical field.
76題為判斷正誤(“T”表示正確,“F”表示錯誤);77完成句子;78—79題簡略回答問題;80題將穩中劃線句子譯為漢語。
76. Tele-medicine is already in wide use in some countries. [ ]
77. Tele-medicine allows____________ without them being in the same place.
78. Why does tele-medicine develop slowly in Asia besides other reasons?
   _____________________________________
79. What is Thailand doing according to the passage?
   _____________________________________
80._____________________________________
Passage 3 (2011, 江蘇徐州, 五)
閱讀下面對話,按要求完成相關任務。
Stephen will finish school this summer. He plans to find a job in UNICEF. Now he is being interviewed by a UNICEF worker.
(S: Stephen W: worker in UNICEF)
--- W: So, Stephen, please say something about yourself.
--- S: Well, I love children so much. My mother works in a primary school, so I learn a lot about children and I think this might be useful.
--- W: I’m sure it is. Do you speak many languages? Ours is an international organization and it’s quite often that we meet children from different countries.
--- S: Yes. I’m good at French and English. I’m taking Chinese at evening classes. I learned Japanese at school, too.
--- W: Excellent. 告訴我你為什么想得到這份工作。
--- S: Well, it sounds interesting, worker, like, experience, I, as , some, would, a , to, charity, get . Maybe one day I’ll set up my own charity.
--- W: I see. What are your characteristics, may I ask?
--- S: I’m patient, generous and easy-going.
--- W: Good. What do you think you could offer us, Stephen?
--- S: I think my knowledge of languages and personalities would be useful. I enjoy working with children and you can always believe me. I’m also fit and healthy.
--- W: What do you think your disadvantages are?
--- S: I’m not outgoing. I’m very shy when I first meet people. I find it difficult to talk to them and make conversation, but when I know people quite well I’m much more self-confident.
--- W: Thank you very much. Stephen. We’ll call you next week.
51. Where does Stephen’s mother work?  ________
52. Which language is Stephen taking at evening classes. English, Chinese or Japanese?_______
53. 將文中劃線部分的單詞組成一個通順的句子。______________________________
54. 將文中漢語“告訴我你為什么想得到這份工作。”譯成英語。
55. What are Stephen’s advantages in asking for this job?(列出四個方面)________
Passage 4 (2011, 四川, I)
第一節 任務型閱讀(共5小題。每小題1分,計5分)
Failure is what often happens. It is everywhere in our life. Students may fail in exams, scientists may fail in their research work, and players may fail in competitions. (A) Although failure happens to everyone, but different people’s attitudes(態度) towards failure are different.
Some people don’t think that their failure is an important thing at all. So they pay no attention to it. As a result, they will have the (B)       failure later. Some people think they themselves are fools and lose their hearts in everything after they get a failure. Then they(C)      
their time and energy on useless things. At last, they may really be fools as they have thought.
(D)Other people are quite different from these two kinds of people mentioned above. Instead of being hopeless and lost, they draw a lesson from every failure and become more experienced. (E) they, after, will ,hard, in, work, be , the, successful , end. So we should draw a lesson from every failure and become more experienced.
任務一: 65. (A)處句中有一處錯誤,請找出并改正。(可用文字敘述)
                                                                            
任務二: 66. 在( B )、(C )處的橫線上分別填上一個單詞(B)         (C)           
任務三: 67. 將(D)處句子譯成漢語:                                               。
任務四: 68. 將(E)處的單詞連成句子:                                           
                                                                            
任務五: 69.請從下面的選項中給短文選個標題,將答案標號填在此橫線上:             
A. Draw a lesson from every failure      B. The attitudes towards failure
C. Failure is everywhere in our life       D. Failure is very important
Passage 5 (2011, 廣西,A)
任務型閱讀:閱讀短文,根據文章內容補全所給的五個殘缺的句子。每空只填一詞,請將單詞填寫在答題卡對應的橫線上。(5小題,每小題1分,共5分)
    The summer holiday is coming, which can be a relaxing time for sleeping, eating good meals and seeing old friends. Try to take some time off from school and spend a few weeks of fun. Here are some ideas for planning your summer holiday.
    First of all, joining a club is a good choice! You can join a music club, a sports club or an art club. It’s good for your future development and the teachers in the club can give you good advice.
    Doing something good for society is also great. There are many volunteer(志愿的) programmes for you to choose from, such as looking after the old or the young, cleaning the streets, planting trees or keeping the traffic in order. You know that teens can also make the world better.
    Have you ever lived with another family? You can join in a programme called “Meeting a New Family”.Two families exchange their children for some time so that they can learn how to get on well with others.
    Summer camp is still popular today. An English summer camp may be a good choice. You can not only make friends but also practise your English.
81. The writer gives some ideas for ______your summer holiday.
82. to learn drawing, you can join an ______club.
83. Teens can make the world better by ______as volunteers.
84. In an English summer camp you can ______your English.
85.If you are one of the children in the programme “Meeting a New Family”,you ______live with you own parents for some time.
Passage 6(2011,沈陽,A)
What is it like being an actor? Many people think it must be wonderful because we travel to exciting places, wear beautiful clothes and (A)掙錢多. This is only one aspect(方面) of our lives though. We also work very hard.
I played a country girl in my last (B) movie. I had to live in a small village with the other actors for part of the winter. (C)It was really hard for me as I grew up in a city. To help me play a country girl better, I cooked for myself and the others every day. I even walked a few miles sometimes to get water, as there was none in the houses. I wanted to understand how a real village girl lived. I thought it was fun at first. I felt different after a week or two, though.
I did wear some beautiful traditional clothes, but they were not thick enough. I was very cold but I had to keep smiling all the time! One day, I couldn’t do it any longer and I suddenly (D) started crying, “Great!” said the director. “I like it. She is crying with true feelings!” I called my mum to tell (E) Her about it but my mobile phone (手機) wouldn’t work in the village.
I think it is worth doing all this, though. I like it when people tell me they enjoy my plays and ask me to sign a picture. It is also fun to be someone else for a while. I’m very lucky to be an actor.
84.將文中劃線部分(A)譯成漢語:             
85.寫出文中劃線部分(B)和(D)的同義詞或近義詞:                         
86.將文中劃線部分(C)改寫為: It was really hard for me         I was a city      
87.文中劃線部分(E)指代的是:              
88.從文中找出有關贊美方面的兩個形容詞:                         
Passage 7 (2011,湖南,A)
翻譯語篇 閱讀下面的短文,將文中劃線部分的句子做相應的英、漢互譯。
The students were having their chemistry class. 66. Miss Li was telling the students what
water was like. After that, she asked her students, “What’s water?” No one answered. A few minutes later, Miss Li asked again, ”67. 你們為什么不回答我的問題呢?Didn’t I tell you what water was like?”
Just then a student put up his hand and said, “Miss Li, you told us that water has no color and no smell. However, where to find such kind of water? The water in the river behind my house is always black, and it has a bad smell.” 68. 大多數學生同意他的意見。
“I’m sorry, children.” said the teacher, 69. “Our water is getting dirtier and dirtier. That’s a problem. 70. We should do what we can to make the world cleaner.”
66.____________________________________________________________________________
67.____________________________________________________________________________
68.____________________________________________________________________________
69.____________________________________________________________________________
70.____________________________________________________________________________
Passage 8(2011,山東,四)
閱讀短文,完成有關任務。
It is said that more than four million people die each year from smoking. That number is frightening.
Yet people around the world continue to smoke. In the United States, about forty-seven-million adults smoke. This year, more than 430,000 Americans died of diseases which have something to do with smoking. The American Cancer Society(美國癌癥協會)says smoking harms the body greatly. It warns that smoking even a number of cigarettes is dangerous.
It’s (63) ______________________________(戒煙是不容易的。)However, doctors say you probably will live longer if you do stop smoking. You will feel better and look better. You also will protect the health of family members who breathe your smoke.
There is not one right way to stop smoking, doctors say. Any way can help. You can take long walks or spend time in places where smoking is not allowed. Also, you can eat a small piece of fruit or vegetable instead of having a cigarette. (64)The sooner you stop smoking, the more you’ll reduce (減少) your chances of getting cancer and other diseases.
Stop smoking before smoking stops you!
(一)根據短文內容,簡要回答下列問題。
61. How many people die from smoking each year?
                                               
62. What does the American Cancer Society say about smoking?
                                               
(二)根據短文中所給漢語完成句子。
63. It’s______________________________________________________.
(三)把短文中劃線的句子翻譯成漢語。
64. _________________________________________________________.
(四)給短文擬一個恰當的英文標題。
65. _________________________________________________________
Passage 9(2011,蘭州,六)
    仔細閱讀下面的短文并按要求完成后面的小題。
    It is said that about half of the people in China smoke. Many young boys and girls have the habit of smoking, though they are middle school students.
More and more people have come to realize how serious this problem is. But they are never bored with it. ?Some people think it is a kind of fashion, some think it is of great fun and others think that smoking can refresh themselves.
Smoking causes many illnesses. A lot of people always cough ?              smoking. The most serious illness caused by smoking is lung cancer. At the same time smoking is a waste of money. Besides, careless smokers may cause dangerous firs.
?眾所周知,吸煙有害于人體健康。In order to keep healthy, we should get rid of the bad habit of smoking. Please stop smoking at once.
1. 將?句劃線部分譯成漢語:                                               
2. 在?句的空白處填入適當的詞使句意完整、上下文通順:              
3. 將?句劃線部分的漢語譯成英語:                                        
4. 列出短文中提到的吸煙的至少兩點危害:                                  
5. 該篇短文的主題是:                                                    
Passage 10
第二節 英漢互譯 閱讀下面的短文,將劃線部分的句子譯成漢語或英語。(共5個小題,每小題1分)
  Rich or poor, young or old, we all have problems.(70)We should learn how to deal with our problems. Here are some ways.
Firstly, we should learn to forget.(71)有時我們會生朋友的氣。Good friendships may be lost. Sometimes children have disagreements and decide not to talk to each other.(72)However, this usually does not last for long. This is an important lesson for us: we can solve a problem by learning to forget.
Secondly, we should regard problems as challenges. Many students often complain about school.(73)他們有太多的作業要做。They think the rules are too strict. Education is an important part of our development. As young people, it is our duty to try our best to deal with each challenge with the help of our teachers.
Don’t worry about our problems.(74)Let’s face the challenges.
70.____________________________________
71.____________________________________
72.____________________________________
73.____________________________________
74.____________________________________
Passage 11
閱讀短文,用合適的單詞填空。

In many parts of the world, there are four seasons: spring, summer, fall and winter. In the U.S., there are only three: football, basketball and baseball. That's not completely true, but almost. In every season, Americans have a ball. If you want to know what season it is, just look at what people are playing. For many Americans, sports do not just occupy the sidelines. They take center court.
Besides "the big three" sports, Americans play a variety of other sports. In warm weather, people enjoy water sports. Lovers of surfing, sailing and scuba diving flock to the ocean. Swimmers and water skiers also revel in the wet stuff. Fishermen try their luck in ponds, lakes and rivers. In winter sportsmen delight in freezing fun. From the first snowfall, skiers hit the slopes. Frozen ponds and ice rinks become playgrounds for skating and hockey. People play indoor sports whatever the weather. Racquetball, weightlifting and bowling are year-round activities.
For many people in the U.S., sports are not just for fun. They're almost a religion. Thousands of sports fans buy expensive tickets to watch their favorite teams and athletes play in person. Other fans watch the games at home, glued to their TV sets. The most devoted sports buffs never miss a game. Many a wife becomes a "sports widow" during her husband's favorite season. America's devotion to athletics has created a new class of wealthy people: professional athletes. Sports stars often receive million-dollar salaries. Some even make big money appearing in advertisements for soft drinks, shoes and even toiletries.

Passage 12
    Never go into a supermarket hungry! This is a good piece of advice. If you go shopping for food before lunchtime, you’ll probably buy more than you plan to. Unfortunately, however, just this advice isn’t enough for consumers these days. Modern shoppers need an education in how and how not to buy things at the store. First, you check the weekly newspaper ads. Find out the items that are on sale and decide if you really need these things. In other words, don’t buy anything just because it’s cheaper than usual! “New and Improved!” or “All Natural” on the front of a package influence you. Instead, read the list of ingredients (contents) on the back. Third, compare prices: that is, you should examine the prices of both different brands and different sizes of the same brand.
Another suggestion for consumers is to buy ordinary items instead of famous brands. Ordinary items in supermarkets come in plain packages. These products are cheaper because producers don’t spend much money on packing or advertising. The quality, however, is usually as good as the quality of well-known name brands. In the same way, in buying clothes, you can often find high quality and low prices in brands that are not famous. Shopping in discount clothing stores can help you save a lot of money. Although these stores aren’t very attractive, and they usually do not have individual dressing rooms, not only are the prices low, but you can often find the same famous brands that you find in high-priced department stores.
Wise consumers read magazine ads and watch TV commercials, but they do this with one advantage: knowledge of the psychology behind the ads. In other words, well-informed consumers watch for information and check for misinformation. They ask themselves questions: Is the advertiser hiding something in small print at the bottom of the page? Is there any real information in the commercial, or is the advertiser simply showing an attractive image? With the answers to these questions, consumers can make a wise choice.
main topic:suggestions for _____(1)___
suggestions Never go into a supermarket when you ___(2)__hungry! need an education in how and how not to buy things at the store buy ordinary items instead of  famous _(3)_. read ads with _(4)___of the psychology behind the ads.
_(5)_ for the suggestions It is _(6)_  to buy more than you plan to. consumers can make a wise __(7)_ the prices of __(8)_items are relatively low because producers spend__(9)_money on packaging ads sometimes don’t tell the __(10)_

Passage 13
閱讀短文,用合適的單詞填空。
                           
Trees should only be pruned when there is a good and clear reason for doing so and , the number of such reasons is small . Pruning involves the cutting away of overgrown and unwanted branches, and the inexperienced gardener can be encouraged by the thought that more damage results from doing it unnecessarily than from leaving the tree to grow in its own way.
First, pruning may be done to make sure that trees have desired shape or size. The object may be to get a tree of the right height, and at the same time to help the growth of small side branches, which will thicken its appearance or give it a special shape. Secondly, pruning may be done to make the tree healthier. You may cut out diseased or dead wood, or branches that are rubbing against each other and thus cause wounds. The health of a tree may be encouraged by removing branches that are blocking up the center and so preventing the free movement of air.
One result of pruning is that an open wound is left on the tree and this provides an easy entry for disease, but it is a wound that will heal. Often there is a race between the healing and the disease as to whether the tree will live or die, so that there is a period when the tree is at risk. It should be the aim of every gardener to reduce that risk of death as far as possible. It is important to make the area, which has been pruned, smooth and clean, for healing will be slowed down by roughness. You should allow the cut surface to dry for a few hours and then paint it with one of the materials available from garden shops produced especially for this purpose. Pruning is usually done in winter, for then you can see the shape of the tree clearly without interference from the leaves and also it is very unlikely that the cuts you make will bleed. If this does happen, it is, of course, impossible to paint them properly.
Pruning trees
A good gardener prunes a tree when (-1)_______.
(2)_______ for pruning trees. First, make the trees in (5) _______ shape or size.
Second, make the trees (6) _______.
One (3) _______ of pruning trees. An open wound (7) _______ easy (8) _______for disease.
Reduce
the (4) _______ of the death of a tree. Make the wound (9) _______ and clean.
Paint the wound (10) _______ it dries.

Passage 14
閱讀短文,用合適的單詞填空。
A new life on the university campus
I am a freshman of the English Department at Pujiang University. Life at the university is so exciting and challenging.
There are two campuses for our university: one is for freshmen and sophomores and the other is for juniors, seniors and graduate students. My campus is located on the outskirts of the city, which is a new one, very peaceful and free from the hustle and bustle of a metropolis. It is free from all sorts of distractions and diversions that most city dwellers find it hard to escape or ignore.
We have a three-day orientation programme about campus life for entering students, including a campus tour in which we can visit libraries, classroom buildings, language labs, the multimedia resource center, computer support services, the student club, and the sports stadium. We freshmen have access to all these resources and technical facilities on a regular basis. They are open to all students. As a matter of fact, we’re encouraged to make the most of the libraries and technical support services on the campus.
We all live on campus, as the school rules say that no freshmen should live off campus during the weekdays, unless the university authorities give permission. We prefer to eat in school cafeterias because there is a variety of foods on the menu, which changes every day. Besides, the food service is much better than that of most secondary schools. For one thing, our campus cafeterias are under the management of a professional food service company with an annually-renewable contract.
Being an English major, we have to speak English with our fellow students and English teachers most of the time. We are expected to speak English with all our English teachers whatever courses they teach. We’re also encouraged to speak English in the dorm area as much as possible. We are not quite used to this “ English only” environment, though. Anyway, we’re all trying very hard. It always takes us time to adjust to a new environment. We are given English lectures and talks which cover a variety of topics. We are encouraged to attend the free discussion session following each lecture or presentation. Most of the lectures are given by native-speakers, so at the beginning I have much difficulty in figuring out much of what they say. But I know they are very good for students majoring in English.
I like my life in the university and I experience a lot. I will try my best to make my life colourful.
Fill in each blank with a suitable word:
Our campus A three-day orientation programme Some school rules English majors
We have two campuses. My campus is
(1) l         on the outskirts of the city. It is a new one and very p         and free from the hustle and bustle of a metropolis. The programme about campus life for (3)e         students which includes visiting the (4)m         resource center, computer support services, and so on. The freshmen have (5)a         to all these resources and technical (6)          on a regular basis. We’re encouraged to use libraries and technical services on the campus. The school rules say that no (7)         should live off campus during the weekdays, unless the university authorities give (8)        . We eat in the campus cafeterias. We are not quite used to this “English only” (9)         . It always takes us time to (10)          to a new environment.

Passage 15
閱讀短文,用合適的單詞填空。

Asian American have become the fast-growing U.S minority in two decades. As their children began moving up through the nation’s schools, they became a main stream of a new class of academic achievers. Their achievements are reflected in the nation’s best universities, where mathematics, science, and engineering departments have taken on a decidedly Asian character. Their preference for mathematics and science is partly explained by the fact that Asian-American students who began their education abroad arrived in the U.S. with a solid foundation in mathematics but little or no knowledge of English. They are also influenced by the promise of a good job after college. Asians feel there will be less unfair treatment in areas like mathematics and science because they will be judged more objectively. And the return on the investment in education is more immediate in something like engineering then with an arts degree.
Most Asian-American students owe their success to the influence of their parents who are determined to make full use of what the American educational system has to offer. An effective measure of parental attention is homework. Asian parents spend more time with their children than American parents do, and it helps. Many researchers also believe there is something in Asian culture that results in success, such as ideals that stress family values and emphasize education.
Both explanations for academic success worry Asian American because of fears that they feed a typical racial image. Many can remember when Chinese, Japanese and Filipino immigrants were the victims of social isolation. Indeed, it was not until 1952 that laws were passed giving all Asian immigrants the right to citizenship.
Problem Asian Americans became a main _____1___ of a new class of academic achievers.
They do better in ____2_______, _____3_____ and engineering.
Reasons 1. Asians Americans have a solid ________4_______ in basic mathematics.
2. They are likely to find a good job and they think they will get ____5_____treatment if doing well in these areas.
3. They are __6__by their parents who take full __7___of American education system.
4. It is also believed that their success is due to Asian ____8______
Worry Asian Americans fear that they would be _____9____again from American society.
History Asian immigrants had no right to citizenship until _____10___

Passage 16
閱讀下列短文,根據其內容完成后面各項任務。
Imagine this: your parents go away on business, but you have to stay at home alone. Would life be as easy as when your parents are around? Would it be a perfect holiday for you?
'”I can fill an empty stomach with tomato and egg soup, but that's all. I think many of my classmates are the same. We wouldn't know what to do, or how to look after ourselves," said Zheng Chenyu. "And I'd forget something important. I'd probably watch television and burn the soup. "
“As soon as I leave home, I'll learn to cook. But now parents do almost everything for us. We’re very lazy, "she said.
Most teenagers have only time for their homework. They don't learn any life skills until they go to college.
However, Sima Yige doesn't think so.
"I think I'd be all right. I wouldn't just eat sandwiches or fruit. I know how to cook, some sim¬ple dishes because my mum showed me," the 13 - year - old boy said. In his opinion, many teen¬agers depend too much on their parents, and there is much more to learn than cooking, like "tidying up your room or even dressing yourself properly."
For most teenagers it wouldn't be a holiday at all.
71. Why would Zheng Chenyu probably burn the soup?
    ________________________________________
72. When will Zheng Chenyu learn to cook?
      ________________________________________
73. Translate the underlined sentence "They don't learn any life skills until they go to college. " in this passage.   ________________________________________
74. The underlined phrase "depend too much" on in the passage means __________ in Chinese.
75. Would life be as easy for teenagers living alone as when their parents are around?
     ________________________________________

Passage 17(2011,山東,四)
閱讀下列短文,根據其內容完成后面各項任務。
   Have you ever been to Taiwan? China’s biggest island? (1)你想到那里參觀一下嗎?We’ll show you the best of Taiwan island.
   A five-day tour.
                    (2)___________________________
  Only 5,000
  Including
  Round- trip plane tickets between Beijing and Taiwan.
  Bus service around Taiwan.
  Great tour guide service.
                 Places
   Sun Moon Lake
    A beautiful lake. A small island. On one side of the island, the lake looks like the sun, and on the other side it looks like the moon. (3) This is why people call it Sun Moon Lake.
Ali Mountain
The nearest mountain around Sun Moon Lake. A nice experience to have a party with
Gaoshan people. A wonderful place to see a very beautiful sunrise.
Penghu Lake
A great place for swimming, fishing, boating and eating delicious fruit and fresh fish.
Gao Xiong
A great place to spend a full day shopping.
             Book (預定) Now
Office hours:
Monday-Friday: 9:00a.m---7:00p.m
Saturday: 9:00a.m---4:00p.m
Tel: 6459—9561
Book by phone now for next month.
1. 將文中劃線部分(1)的漢語句子譯成英語。
 
2. 在文中劃線部分(2)的空白處填入一個英語單詞以說明所談論的話題。

3. How many places can tourists visit in Taiwan seconding to this passage?

4. 將文中劃線部分(3)的英語句子譯成漢語。

5. How long is the office hour on Saturday?

Passage 18 (2011, 山東, B)
閱讀下列短文,根據其內容完成后面各項任務。
  The students’ life today can be very stressful (緊張的). They are under pressure (壓力) every day. They need a break from it. Parents should ask children to do something else. (4) ______ not let them relax in front of the TV. A hobby is the perfect answer.
  There are many different kinds of hobbies. Chess is a good example. It is a very enjoyable game and it also helps children develop their thinking skills.
  Collecting something is also a good hobby for children. A child can collect almost anything: key rings, stamps, postcards, old coins, etc. Many of these collecting can be both interesting and fun. They teach children a lot and broaden (益處). For example, gardening (). For example, gardening (園藝) is a useful hobby because it is a physical activity and it also teaches children about nature.
  (5) A hobby can be useful learning tool. Children may becomes experts in something if they really love their hobbies. Children will also learn to become more organized and make places. Hobbies will also teach children a lot about responsibility(責任).
6. 在文中劃線部分(4)的空白處填入一個適當的連詞使句意完整連貫。

7. 在短文中找出可以替換下面所給句子的一句話。
   It is a god hobby for children to collects something.

8.  How many kinds of hobbies can you find in this passage?

9. Why is gardening a useful hobby?

10 將文中劃線部分(5)的英語句子譯成漢語

Passage 19(2011,山東,A)
閱讀短文,根據要求完成下面各小題。
You many buy different things. Some, such as pencils, CDs or books, cost a little money; some cost a lot of money, bikes or toys, for example. (79) If you want to buy the right things for the right price, making a wise decision is very important. Making a good decision can save you money. So how can you make a good decision when you buy a product? (76)①_____________
Step 1: Know why you are buying a product
Before buying a product, think about
? how often and when you will use the product.
? what the main use of the product is.
? whether you need the product now or later.
Step 2: Research the product
If you have decided to buy it, you must want to buy the best one. You need to find out
? what companies make  the product.
? The different prices of the product.
? What others say shout the product.
? Where you can buy the product.
You can shop in stores, online, or in factory outlets(廠家供銷店).
Step 3: Ask questions before you buy. For example, do I need to buy batteries?
These steps will help you become a smart shopper. (76)②_____________
Remember, knowing a lot makes you a wise shopper!
76. 從A、B、C中為(76)①②選出兩個適當的選項,并將其字母標號分別填在下面橫線上。
A. If you follow them, you will get the best deal(交易).
B. Here are some steps you can take for wise shopping.
C. Knowing what others say about the product can help you make the decision.
①_ ____________      ②_____________
77. How many steps should you take before you buy a product?
_________________________________________________
78. Where can you buy the product according to the passage?
   _________________________________________________
79. 請把劃線部分的句子譯成漢語。
   _________________________________________________
80. Give a title(標題) to the passage.
   _________________________________________________

Passage 20(2011,黑龍江,A)
閱讀下列短文,根據其內容完成后面各項任務。
Have you heard about “Survival (生存) Holidays”? “Survival Holidays” is for children to go into the lonely place for exciting activities. Now about 1,100 companies are allowed to take children into the great outdoors without their parents.
The reason why people like “Survival Holidays” is that they think being close to nature is good for children. Many children in big cities spend all time watching TV and playing computer games. “Survival Holidays” gives them an important change.
Is “Survival Holidays” a wonderful idea? Maybe it is. Children need more free time to play. They need to be left on their own, without adults disturbing (打擾) them. Parents care too much about their children. They like to see the children being busy with activities that are controlled by adults, but children don’t know  what to do when they are in danger. Even something like crossing a small river seems to be a hard challenge. Children are not comfortable with danger. Even small danger like getting their feet wet or falling down seems very terrible to them.
Many people think the survival activities are good for children. Even years later, they will still remember what they have learned. Some have learned to stay calm in different times. Some have learned how to keep safe. Others have learned how to work in a team. All these skills will help them a lot in their lives.
81. Is “Survival Holidays” for children or parents?

82. Why do people like “Survival Holidays”?

83. What do the children in big cities usually do?

84. How do children feel when they are in danger?

85. What can children learn in the survival activities?

答案解析

任務型閱讀1
【文章大意】本文主要講述了印度的好萊塢電影信息。
71. Bombay and Hollywood . 【解析】由第一段可知答案。
72. films/movies. 【解析】通讀全文可知這是一個關于電影的地方。
73. less. 【解析】根據形容詞比較級的反義詞和句意可知答案。
74. songs and dances/dances and songs. 【解析】根據第二段最后一句可知。
75. exciting. 【解析】根據最后一段的第一句話可知答案。

任務型閱讀2
【文章大意】本文主要介紹了遠程醫療的運用及發展前景。
76. T【解析】由第二段第一句話可知答案是正確的。
77. doctors to “see”/ see patients【解析】由“Tele-medicine is a technology that allows...same place”可知:可以轉換成doctors to “see”/see patients。
78.Because of high costs./ High costs【解析】由第三段的第一句話可知:因為高成本。
79. Thailand is building a tele-medicine station connecting 20 areas./ Building a tele-medicine station connecting 20 areas. 【解析】由第三段的最后一句話可知。
80. 當條件好轉的時候,這項技術將會快速地發展。

任務型閱讀3
【文章大意】Stephen 馬上畢業了,打算找一份工作。這里講述了他的面試情況。
51. She works in a primary school.從Stephen的第一句回答中可知。
52. Chinese. 從Stephen的第二句回答中可知。
53. as a worker, I would like to get some charities experience. 根據句子的結構和句意,組成此句子。
54. Tell me why you want to get this job. 根據祈使句的構成組成此句。
55. (1)She is patient, generous and easy-going
(2)She enjoys working with children.
(3). She is also fit and health
(4) .Her knowledge of languages and personalities would be useful. 根據Stephen的倒數第二句回答可知。

任務型閱讀4
【主旨大意】本文描述了不同行業的人對失敗的態度和看法。
65. 去掉but 保留 Although,或去掉Although,保留but。          
66.(B) same ;(C)spend  (每空0.5分)
67. 另一些人與上面提及(談到)的兩種人大不一樣(完全不同)。
68. After hard work, they will be successful in the end.或:They will be successful after hard work in the end.
69. B  

任務型閱讀5
【文章大意】暑假即將到來,對于學生來說是放松的好時機。可供參考的假期計劃有:參加各種俱樂部、當為社會服務的志愿者、去新的家庭體驗和參加夏令營的活動。
81.planning/spending 82. art 83. working/serving 84. practice/practice/improve 85. won’t/can/t/don/t

任務型閱讀6
【文章大意】主要講述了演員職業的情況。
答案:84. make a lot of money 85. film; began 86. because; girl 87. mum 88. beautiful; wonderful

任務型閱讀7
【文章大意】主要講述了一節化學課講關于水的問題。
答案:66.李老師正在講水是什么樣子的。
67. Why don’t you answer my question?
68. Most of the students agreed with her.
69.水變得越來越臟,這是個大問題。
70.我們應該做點什么使世界變得更干凈一些。

任務型閱讀8
【文章大意】主要講述了吸煙的害處及戒煙的方法。
61. More than four million people die from smoking each year.
62. The American Cancer Society says smoking harms the body greatly.
63. not easy to give up smoking.
64.你戒煙越早,就會更大的減少你患癌癥和其他疾病的風險。
65. Stop smoking before smoking stops you!

任務型閱讀9
【主旨大意】主要講述了人們怎樣去處理我們遇到的問題。
答案:1. 一些人認為是一種時尚,一些人認為是一種樂趣,其他的人認為提精神。
2. because of
3. As we all know, smoking does great harm to human beings.
4. (1)Smoking causes many illnesses.
(2)Smoking is a waste of money.
5. Smoking Is Harmful

任務型閱讀10
【主旨大意】這篇文章告訴我們用兩種方法處理我們的問題:1. 學會忘記;2. 把問題當作挑戰。
70. 我們應該學會怎樣處理問題。
71. Sometimes we are / have been / get / become / feel / angry with our friends. / Something we may be mad at our friends.
72. 然而,這種情況通常不會持續很久。
73. They have too much work / homework (to do).
74. 讓我們面對挑戰。

任務型閱讀11
【主旨大意】講述了美國一年四季當中的各種球類運動。
1.Sports 2.baseball 3.surfing 4.swimming 5.skating
6.indoor 7.racquetball 8.bowling 9.religion 10.person.

任務型閱讀12
【主旨大意】講述了不要沖動購物。對消費者購物提出幾點建議。
1.consumers/customers  2.feel/are 3. brands. 4. knowledge  5. reasons
6. probable  7. choice   8. relatively  9. less 10. truth

任務型閱讀13
【主旨大意】主要講述了給樹木剪枝的必要性和好處。
1. necessary   2.Reasons   3.result  4. risk   5.desired
6. healthier   7. providing   8. entry  9. smooth  10. afte

任務型閱讀14
【主旨大意】主要講述了福建大學新生的新生活,包括校規,校園環境,新生活動。
1. located  2. peaceful 3. entering 4. multimedia  5. access
6. facilities 7. freshmen 8. permission 9. environment 10. adjust

任務型閱讀15
【主旨大意】主要講述新一帶美國亞裔后代的崛起面臨的問題。
1. stream    2. mathematics     3. science    4. foundation     5. fair
6. influenced  7. advantage      8. culture     9. separated     10. 1952

任務型閱讀16
【主旨大意】文章主要講述了想象一下父母離開家后,孩子怎樣去照顧自己的生活。他們需要掌握一些生活技能。
71. Because he can’t cook anything else. [解析]綜合第一段可知他不會做其他的東西。
72. As soon as he leaves home. [解析] 由原文第三段前兩句“As soon as I leave home, I'll learn to cook.”得出答案。
73.,他們直到上大學才學會生活的技能。[解析] not---until---- 直到---才-----。
74. 過分依賴于 [解析] too much 本意為“太多”, 在此為”太多依賴,過分的依賴”
75. No, it won’t.  [解析] Would引導的一般疑問句的答語。

任務型閱讀17
1. Would you like to visit there?
2. Cost
3. Four
4. 這就是人們叫它日月潭的原因。
5.Seven hours

任務型閱讀18
6. But
7. Collecting something is also a good hobby for children.
8. Three
9. Because gardening is not only a physical activity but also it teaches children about nature.
10. 一個愛好可能成為有用的學習工具。

任務型閱讀19
76. ①. B ②.A   77. 3/Three(steps)  78. In stores, online or in factory outlets   79. 如果你想用理想的價格買到物美價廉的物品,明智的決定是非常重要的。
80. How to be a wises/smart shopper/shop wisely.
What you should do to be a smart/wise shopper.
Steps to be a wise/smart shopper.

任務型閱讀20
81. Children./ For children. / It’s for children.
82. Because they think being close to nature is good for children.
/Because they think the survival activities are good for children.
83. They usually watch TV and play computer games./To watch TV and play computer games./Watching TV and playing computer games./What they do is to watch TV and play computer games./What they do is watching TV and playing computer games.
84. They don’t know what to do./They feel uncomfortable (terrible)./Not comfortable.
/Uncomfortable./Terrible./ They don’t feel comfortable.
85. They can learn some survival skills. / They can learn to stay calm in different times, keep safe and work in team. (只給出其中一點賦1分,若時態寫成完成時賦1分。)
注:只要學生答案符合文章原意,教師即可酌情賦分。



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